Carrot Health Benefits, Nutritional Value and Uses

What is Carrot?

Carrots are root vegetables that are naturally sugary, delicious and crunchy.  Botanically they are the taproots belonging in the Apiaceae or umbelliferous family in the genus; Daucus. carrots vary widely in colour and shape depending up on the cultivar types. While carrots are known for their signature orange colour, they actually come in a variety of colours. They can be found in shades of purple, yellow, white and red Generally, oriental taproots are long, featuring flat upper end with tapering, tail like, lower ends.

Health Benefits of Carrot

Protects Eye Health: Carrots are rich in beta-carotene, which is converted into vitamin A in the liver. Vitamin A is transformed in the retina, to rhodopsin, a purple pigment necessary for night vision.Beta-carotene has also been shown to protect against macular degeneration and senile cataracts. Carrots contain vitamin A in the form of beta carotene. Vitamin A is one of the most crucial nutrients necessary for protecting eye health and vision, especially as someone ages.Vitamin A deficiency can lead first to night blindness, then permanent blindness. Vitamin A deficiency is actually the number one cause of preventable blindness world-wide. Carrots can also reduce your risk of cataracts and macular-degeneration, a common cause of age-related vision loss.
Prevents Heart Disease: The high antioxidant content that carrots contain lowers oxidative stress and improves the body’s defense against various forms of cardiovascular disease. Carrots also work to lower cholesterol, and boost bile production, which increases the body’s ability to digest fat. This not only helps your digestive system to properly absorb nutrition from your food, but also directly impacts the good cholesterol levels in your body — which protects your heart.

Protects teeth and gums: The minerals in carrots prevent tooth damage. carrots stimulate the gums and induce excess saliva. Saliva is an alkaline substance and combats the bacteria and foreign bodies that can often result in cavities, halitosis, and other oral health risks. Certain minerals in carrots can be antibacterial and help prevent cavities and tooth decay. Carrots can also help remove plaque and stains from teeth if eaten after meals. Once eaten, the fiber in carrots also boosts immunity by acting as a natural digestive system brush, scrubbing away unwanted bacteria in the gut and promoting better digestion of immune-boosting nutrients.

Boosts Skin Health and Wound Healing: Beta carotene is critical for healing any type of wound. Carrots have even been used as a poultice to help heal wounds for centuries due to their high beta carotene content. (10) If you have any type of skin infection, cuts, or other wounds, you’ll find that carrots and carrot juice benefits your skin health by increasing your ability to heal faster and to fight infection and noticeable signs of skin inflammation.
Protects Brain Health: Carrots and carrot juice benefits brain health by helping to prevent against Alzheimer’s disease, improving memory, and defending against other types of cognitive decline. This is due to carrot’s ability to lower oxidative stress in the brain that can weaken nerve signaling capacity.
Reduced Risk of Cancer: Diets rich in carotenes may have a protective effect against several types of cancer.This includes prostate cancer ,colon cancer and stomach cancer Women with high circulating levels of carotenoids may also be at reduced risk of breast cancer

Helps in Diabetes: Carrots are good for blood sugar regulation due to the presence of carotenoids in this delicious vegetable. Carotenoids inversely affect insulin resistance and thus lower blood sugar, thereby helping diabetic patients live a normal, healthy life. They also regulate the amount of insulin and glucose that is being used and metabolized by the body, providing a more even and healthy fluctuation for diabetic patients.

Uses of Carrot

They are used as laxatives, vermicides and as a remedy for liver conditions.
Carrot oil is good for dry skin because it makes the skin softer, smoother and firmer.
Carrot juice improves stomach and gastrointestinal health.

Nutritional value of Carrot

Carrots come with wholesome health benefiting compounds such as beta-carotenes, falcarinol, vitamin A, minerals and anti-oxidants in ample amounts.

Energy 41 Kcal
Carbohydrates 9.58 g
Protein 0.93 g
Total Fat 0.24 g
Cholesterol 0 mg
Dietary Fiber 2.8 g
Vitamins
Folates 19 µg
Niacin 0.983 mg
Pantothenic acid 0.273 mg
Pyridoxine 0.138 mg
Riboflavin 0.058 mg
Thiamin 0.066 mg
Vitamin A 16706 IU
Vitamin C 5.9 mg
Vitamin K 13.2 µg
Electrolytes
Sodium 69 mg
Potassium 320 mg
Minerals
Calcium 33 mg
Copper 0.045 mg
Iron 0.30 mg
Magnesium 12 mg
Manganese 0.143 mg
Phosphorus 35 mg
Selenium 0.1 µg
Zinc 0.24 mg
Phyto-nutrients
Carotene-a 3427 µg
Carotene-ß 8285 µg
Crypto-xanthin-ß 0 µg
Lutein-zeaxanthin 256 µg

(Spillednews)

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